## Row of enemies

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jvetvicka
Prole
Posts: 1
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:41 pm

### Row of enemies

Hi,

i am begginer at Lua and Love2D and i need help. I would like to display 4 rows of enemies (like Space invaders), but i dont know how to do (simply). Thx for advice

Code: Select all

function love.draw()
for i=1, #colors do
if i <= 3 then
rectangle.x = i*35 + (155 * (i-1))
rectangle.y = 35
elseif i > 3 and i <= 6 then
s = i - 3
rectangle.x = s*35 + (155 * (s-1))
rectangle.y = 225
elseif i > 6 and i <= 9 then
t = i - 6
rectangle.x = t*35 + (155 * (t-1))
rectangle.y = 415
else
f = i - 9
rectangle.x = f*35 + (155 * (f-1))
rectangle.y = 605
end
love.graphics.setColor(colors[i])
love.graphics.rectangle("fill", rectangle.x, rectangle.y, 155, 155)
end
end


unixfreak
Citizen
Posts: 77
Joined: Thu Oct 15, 2015 6:25 am
Location: Bristol, UK
Contact:

### Re: Row of enemies

You'll want to loop over some rows and columns, which place an enemy into a table. That way you can loop over the table easily;

One way to setup a grid of enemies is something like this;

Code: Select all

function love.load()
enemies = {}
enemies.w = 50        -- width of enemy
enemies.h = 30        -- height of enemy
enemies.rows = 4      -- total enemies per row
enemies.columns = 3   -- total enemies per column
enemies.gap = 10      -- space between each enemy

local x = 1
local y = 1

local wave = {}
-- calculate the total size (width/height) of the grid of enemies when populated
wave.w = enemies.rows*(enemies.h+enemies.gap)
wave.h = enemies.columns*(enemies.w+enemies.gap)

-- loop over the columns one at a time (top to bottom)
for y = 1, wave.w, enemies.h+enemies.gap do

-- loop over the rows one at a time (left to right)
for x = 1, wave.h, enemies.w+enemies.gap do

table.insert(enemies, {
x = x + love.graphics.getWidth()/2-wave.w/2, -- center the enemies relative position on screen
y = y + enemies.gap, -- add a gap from top of the screen
})

-- move to the next column
x = x + enemies.w + enemies.gap
end

-- move to the next row
y = y  + enemies.h

end

end

That way, all your enemies exist in enemies table, and can be looped over easily like so, which is helpful for everything from collision detection or even drawing:

Code: Select all

function love.draw()
-- draw the enemies by looping over the table
love.graphics.setColor(1,0,0,1)
for i, e in ipairs(enemies) do
love.graphics.rectangle("fill", e.x,e.y,enemies.w,enemies.h)
end
end

Or checking collision, etc:

Code: Select all

function love.update(dt)
for i,e in ipairs(enemies) do
checkcollision(e, missile)
end
end


JJSax
Prole
Posts: 28
Joined: Fri Apr 04, 2014 3:59 am

### Re: Row of enemies

There are a few variables in your provided code that aren't defined here. So I'll have to make some assumptions on what you are needing. Let me know if I misunderstood anything.

this is what I came up with for a incredibly basic code to just draw a block of images. While I was about to work on a more comprehensive one, unixfreak sniped me. His code looks good for what most people need when they make multiple images like that.

Code: Select all

function love.load()
spookyGhost = love.graphics.newImage("A-plusImage.png")
ghostColumns = 10
ghostRows = 4
end

function love.draw()
for ix = 1, ghostColumns*50, 50 do
for iy = 1, ghostRows*50, 50 do
-- you could substitute this for any draw function, the 50 used is to define the image dimensions.
love.graphics.draw(spookyGhost, ix+ix/20, iy)
end
end
end


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